The common image of the U.S. Marine Corps in Vietnam is a scene with Leathernecks on the ground, holding off—and beating back—a larger enemy force. But Marines in Southeast Asia who fought their country’s battles did so, as the Corps’ hymn states, not only “on land and sea” but also “in the air.”

Marine aviators in Vietnam continued a legacy that stretches back to the birth of aerial combat. During World War I, Marine 2nd Lt. Ralph Talbot and Gunnery Sgt. Robert G. Robinson, returning from a bombing mission over Flanders in a Liberty D.H. 4 biplane, fought their way through a dozen German Fokker D.VII fighters on Oct. 14, 1918, and were both rewarded with the Medal of Honor. Less successful was 2nd Lt. Charles F. Nash, who flew Spad XIII fighters while on detached duty with the U.S. Army Air Service’s 93rd Aero Squadron until he was shot down and taken prisoner by Leutnant Fritz Gewert of Jagdstaffel 19 on Sept. 13, 1918.

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Peacekeeping operations of the United Nations are carried out in order to prevent or eliminate threats to peace and security through joint enforcement actions when economical and political measures nature are inadequate and inefficient. 


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Kim Min-Seok
The North Korean military has numerical superiority over South Korean forces, but an extended campaign would likely expose the inferior quality of many of its military forces.
  • Published March 18, 2020
Long gone are the days of the late 1950s and 1960s, when North Korea held an economic and technological edge over its neighbor to the south, an edge that was also reflected in the military balance between the two sides.1 Since then, economic mismanagement, the 1991 collapse of Pyongyang’s Soviet benefactor, and decades of accelerated South Korean economic growth have gradually closed and then reversed this gap. Today, the Republic of Korea (ROK) is far wealthier than the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), and this prosperity divide also has a number of military implications.2

Lipetsk Airbase is home to several frontline fighter and bomber squadrons of the Russian Air Force. The planes that call the base home are some of the most modern in the Russian arsenal. They’re designed for a wide variety of missions, and if not training the pilots are on constant readiness.

The film takes a look at each of the aircraft types based a Lipetsk, showcasing each plane’s unique characteristic and the men who fly and maintain them.

On board a SU-27
A pilot flying in the spacious cockpit of a SU-34 fighter bomber.

The SU-34 is one of the most elegant-looking flying today. The two-seat fighter bomber has the ability to target the enemy on the land, sea, and in the air. What makes it unique among fighting aircraft from a pilot’s point of view is the expansive cockpit. There is room for the two-man crew to move around, there are cooking facilities on board and even a toilet for relief on long missions.

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